Natural caves

  1. Home
  2. chevron_right
  3. Natural caves

Various factors cause the formation and formation of caves, such as chemical processes, water erosion, tectonic forces, microorganisms, pressure, atmospheric influences and human excavations.

Place

This limestone cave is located at an altitude of 1400 meters on the western slope of Parvand Mountain, 7 km southwest of Parvand village and 67 km southwest of Sabzevar.

Dimensions

Due to the fact that the cave climbing group in 1383 with complete tools and equipment has not been able to identify all its parts, the true depth of the cave is unknown.

gravity

The entrance of the cave has no horizontal corridor and extends in the shape of a well to the depths of the mountain. At a distance of 80 meters from the mouth of the cave, we come across a circular hall where the effects of lime dissolution can be seen in the form of astalagmite and stalactite.

Adjacent to this cave, a 400-year-old thick juniper tree can be seen rising from the heart of the dry rocks of Parvand Mountain.

Place

This cave is located at an altitude of 1500 meters on the southern slope of Zoleh Mountain, 2 km southwest of Anabestan village and 40 km northeast of Sabzevar city in Khoshab section.

Dimensions

The entrance of the cave is an opening with dimensions of 1.20 by 1.50 meters, which tends to the southeast.

At the beginning of the cave, a corridor 2 meters high and 17 meters long can be seen, which ends at a narrow atrium measuring 50 by 40 centimeters.

gravity

Upon entering this part of the cave, another corridor appears in the form of a chest, which branches from west to east, and then reaches a relatively large hall with a height of 4 meters.

This cave is of limestone type and the effects of dissolution can be seen in all parts, especially in the entrance of the cave. The main crater was created due to the entry of water due to snowmelt at the top of Mount Zoleh into a canal that acted as a waterway.

Reaching the cave requires an hour of hard climbing on the south side of Mount Zoleh.

Place

Lore Cave is located in the north of Kalateh Sadat village in Bashtin district of Davarzan city on the eastern slope of 2235 meters of Lore mountain.

The entrance of the cave, which is located at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level and overlooks the beautiful valley of Befre, which is a fault gap.

Dimensions

This circular gap with dimensions of 80 cm by 1 m can be seen horizontally with a slight inclination towards the depth of the mountain.

access

Lore Cave is accessible from two directions, which is the best way to reach Lore Mountain through Kalate Sadat village.

The second route is through the Gray North with a slight inclination to the west and to the eastern slope of Mount Lore.

The distance of Lor Cave from Sabzevar is 57 km, of which 48 km is on the Sabzevar-Shahroud asphalt road and the remaining 9 km is on the side road to Kalateh Sadat village to the entrance of the dirt cave.

gravity

Upon entering this fault gap, we encounter a well with a very steep slope of 75 degrees, which extends to the depths of the mountain, and without sufficient tools and equipment, it is impossible and dangerous to enter the cave.

There are several side corridors around the main corridor of the cave, which due to the steep slope of the corridor, it is not possible to stop and identify them without complete equipment.

Place

This cave is located in the Mish mountain range and on the southern slope of Kuh-e Sefid in the northeast of Pader village. The entrance to the cave faces southeast and is 1700 meters above sea level.

The cave is a fault slope with a gentle slope to the depths of the mountain, which is stretched to the east by a side corridor.

Dimensions

The entrance dimensions of the cave are 1 in 1.20 meters, which appears wider after entering the cave.

access

The access road to this cave is possible through Pader village with 1.5 hours walk in the rocky path of the river to the west and with a length of 2 km.

The distance from Sabzevar city to this village is 41 km, of which 32 km is asphalt and the remaining 9 km is dirt.

gravity

In spring, due to the melting of snow from the upper slope and its flow through the holes in the roof, it is difficult to enter the cave and to reach the end of the cave, you have to crawl through the gap on the left side of the main corridor.

In front of the end vestibule of the cave, there is a hole that is flooded in spring and due to low temperature and evaporation can store water for a long time.

Place

This cave is located at an altitude of 1600 meters on the southwestern slope of Kuh-e Sefid in Tabas district and at a distance of 2 km south of Rudsrab village.

Dimensions

The initial entrance of this cave is 4.20 by 4.30, which immediately reaches the main entrance with dimensions of 1.50 by 1.30 meters.

The length of the main corridor is 15 meters, which at the end leads to a side corridor with a height of 0.5 and a width of 0.7 meters with a tendency to the southeast.

It is very difficult to enter due to the unbalanced placement of a rock ridge around the mouth of this entrance.

gravity

This cave is of fault type and its floor is covered with sedimentary soil and due to the location of the cave on the low slope of the mountain, it is very easy to access and enthusiasts can easily visit this place.

Place

The three openings of the cave with separate entrances and with the origin of folds and limestone are located at an altitude of 1300 meters on the eastern slopes of Kamarkhoni Mountain, 2 km west of Javartan village in Dastaran village of Jaghtai city and 95 km northwest of Sabzevar.

gravity

On the opposite side of Kamarkhoni Mountain is Badruddin Mountain, which has a limestone cave with a long corridor in its depth.

The dissolution process in the form of astalagmite and stalactite has created a unique landscape at the end and due to high humidity, it has grown on the inner wall of this algae cave.

The depth of this cave is unknown and at the end it leads to several small vestibules.

The three caves are folded and calcareous and the height of the largest of them at the entrance is 2 meters and the deepest part of these caves is 15 meters.

Near these caves and on the western slope of the Javartan heights, an old juniper tree can be seen, which has given a special beauty to the area.

Place

This cave is located at the beginning of the access road to Bid waterfall at an altitude of 1680 meters on the eastern slope of Kamardang mountain and is known as “torpedo” cave in the region.

Dimensions

The dimensions of the entrance of the cave are 1.20 by 1.50. The length of the main corridor of the cave is 6 meters and its height at the beginning of the opening is 1.20, which reaches 2 meters at the end.

access

Geographically, it is located in the southwest of Bid village, Joven city, at a distance of 3 km from it and is accessible from two routes.

The first route at the beginning of the entrance of the village tends to the southeast through the Bid River and passes through a rugged and gravel road.

The second route is 7 km away from the main road to Bid village and can be reached through Kalateh Marghzar. For those who are going to Sabzevar from the region, the second way is more accessible.

Parvand limestone cave

Place

This limestone cave is located at an altitude of 1400 meters on the western slope of Parvand Mountain, 7 km southwest of Parvand village and 67 km southwest of Sabzevar.

Dimensions

Due to the fact that the cave climbing group in 1383 with complete tools and equipment has not been able to identify all its parts, the true depth of the cave is unknown.

gravity

The entrance of the cave has no horizontal corridor and extends in the shape of a well to the depths of the mountain. At a distance of 80 meters from the mouth of the cave, we come across a circular hall where the effects of lime dissolution can be seen in the form of astalagmite and stalactite.

Adjacent to this cave, a 400-year-old thick juniper tree can be seen rising from the heart of the dry rocks of Parvand Mountain.

Anabestan Demon Cave

Place

This cave is located at an altitude of 1500 meters on the southern slope of Zoleh Mountain, 2 km southwest of Anabestan village and 40 km northeast of Sabzevar city in Khoshab section.

Dimensions

The entrance of the cave is an opening with dimensions of 1.20 by 1.50 meters, which tends to the southeast.

At the beginning of the cave, a corridor 2 meters high and 17 meters long can be seen, which ends at a narrow atrium measuring 50 by 40 centimeters.

gravity

Upon entering this part of the cave, another corridor appears in the form of a chest, which branches from west to east, and then reaches a relatively large hall with a height of 4 meters.

This cave is of limestone type and the effects of dissolution can be seen in all parts, especially in the entrance of the cave. The main crater was created due to the entry of water due to snowmelt at the top of Mount Zoleh into a canal that acted as a waterway.

Reaching the cave requires an hour of hard climbing on the south side of Mount Zoleh.

Lor Cave

Place

Lore Cave is located in the north of Kalateh Sadat village in Bashtin district of Davarzan city on the eastern slope of 2235 meters of Lore mountain.

The entrance of the cave, which is located at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level and overlooks the beautiful valley of Befre, which is a fault gap.

Dimensions

This circular gap with dimensions of 80 cm by 1 m can be seen horizontally with a slight inclination towards the depth of the mountain.

access

Lore Cave is accessible from two directions, which is the best way to reach Lore Mountain through Kalate Sadat village.

The second route is through the Gray North with a slight inclination to the west and to the eastern slope of Mount Lore.

The distance of Lor Cave from Sabzevar is 57 km, of which 48 km is on the Sabzevar-Shahroud asphalt road and the remaining 9 km is on the side road to Kalateh Sadat village to the entrance of the dirt cave.

gravity

Upon entering this fault gap, we encounter a well with a very steep slope of 75 degrees, which extends to the depths of the mountain, and without sufficient tools and equipment, it is impossible and dangerous to enter the cave.

There are several side corridors around the main corridor of the cave, which due to the steep slope of the corridor, it is not possible to stop and identify them without complete equipment.

Padar Faulty Cave

Place

This cave is located in the Mish mountain range and on the southern slope of Kuh-e Sefid in the northeast of Pader village. The entrance to the cave faces southeast and is 1700 meters above sea level.

The cave is a fault slope with a gentle slope to the depths of the mountain, which is stretched to the east by a side corridor.

Dimensions

The entrance dimensions of the cave are 1 in 1.20 meters, which appears wider after entering the cave.

access

The access road to this cave is possible through Pader village with 1.5 hours walk in the rocky path of the river to the west and with a length of 2 km.

The distance from Sabzevar city to this village is 41 km, of which 32 km is asphalt and the remaining 9 km is dirt.

gravity

In spring, due to the melting of snow from the upper slope and its flow through the holes in the roof, it is difficult to enter the cave and to reach the end of the cave, you have to crawl through the gap on the left side of the main corridor.

In front of the end vestibule of the cave, there is a hole that is flooded in spring and due to low temperature and evaporation can store water for a long time.

RoudSarab Dragon Cave

Place

This cave is located at an altitude of 1600 meters on the southwestern slope of Kuh-e Sefid in Tabas district and at a distance of 2 km south of Rudsrab village.

Dimensions

The initial entrance of this cave is 4.20 by 4.30, which immediately reaches the main entrance with dimensions of 1.50 by 1.30 meters.

The length of the main corridor is 15 meters, which at the end leads to a side corridor with a height of 0.5 and a width of 0.7 meters with a tendency to the southeast.

It is very difficult to enter due to the unbalanced placement of a rock ridge around the mouth of this entrance.

gravity

This cave is of fault type and its floor is covered with sedimentary soil and due to the location of the cave on the low slope of the mountain, it is very easy to access and enthusiasts can easily visit this place.

Javartan Caves Collection

Place

The three openings of the cave with separate entrances and with the origin of folds and limestone are located at an altitude of 1300 meters on the eastern slopes of Kamarkhoni Mountain, 2 km west of Javartan village in Dastaran village of Jaghtai city and 95 km northwest of Sabzevar.

gravity

On the opposite side of Kamarkhoni Mountain is Badruddin Mountain, which has a limestone cave with a long corridor in its depth.

The dissolution process in the form of astalagmite and stalactite has created a unique landscape at the end and due to high humidity, it has grown on the inner wall of this algae cave.

The depth of this cave is unknown and at the end it leads to several small vestibules.

The three caves are folded and calcareous and the height of the largest of them at the entrance is 2 meters and the deepest part of these caves is 15 meters.

Near these caves and on the western slope of the Javartan heights, an old juniper tree can be seen, which has given a special beauty to the area.

Azhdar Bid Cave

Place

This cave is located at the beginning of the access road to Bid waterfall at an altitude of 1680 meters on the eastern slope of Kamardang mountain and is known as “torpedo” cave in the region.

Dimensions

The dimensions of the entrance of the cave are 1.20 by 1.50. The length of the main corridor of the cave is 6 meters and its height at the beginning of the opening is 1.20, which reaches 2 meters at the end.

access

Geographically, it is located in the southwest of Bid village, Joven city, at a distance of 3 km from it and is accessible from two routes.

The first route at the beginning of the entrance of the village tends to the southeast through the Bid River and passes through a rugged and gravel road.

The second route is 7 km away from the main road to Bid village and can be reached through Kalateh Marghzar. For those who are going to Sabzevar from the region, the second way is more accessible.

Noorabad Cave and Black Mountain

Material and type of stones

  • Gypsum caves

  • Lava Caves (Magmatic)

  • Limestone caves (limestone, dolomite, marble)

Morphology and geometric structure

  • Fault Caves

    Contains only one gap in a rock or cliff

  • Vertical caves

    They consist of wells or wells that are interconnected and close to each other.

  • Horizontal caves

    Includes horizontal tunnels close together

* In most caves, due to the large space and the number of tunnels and wells, several composite cave systems are formed.

Time of Genesis

  • Early caves

    They form in the space between rocks and cliffs (at the time of their formation), such as lava tunnels or Tufa caves.

  • Secondary caves

    After the formation of rocks and cliffs and are caused by instinctual factors, most of the caves in the world are considered as secondary caves.

  • Third class caves

    They are caused by the collapse of other caves.

* Tufa :

They are sedimentary rocks that are formed by the deposition of thin layers of calcium carbonate, or to a lesser extent silica around springs of brackish water, or as a coating around stalactites or stalagmites.

Stone life

* Jurassic

One of the periods is in the second geological period, the length of the Jurassic period is 60 million years.

  • Devonian limestone
  • Jurassic limestones
  • New (recent) or tufa lime
* Devonian

One of the periods is in the first period of geology, this period lasted from 360 to 408 million years ago.

Menu