Joveyn County ، The center of Niqab city is one of the cities of Khorasan Razavi province. Joven city is located 75 km northwest of Sabzevar city and between 56.20 north. This city is connected to Esfarayen city with a length of 60 km and a width of 50 km from the north with a distance of 75 km.
In the past, the name Joveyn was Gav’yan, which changed to Kav’yan and Jav’yan after the spread of Islam in Iran and the influence of the Arabic language, and is now pronounced as Joveyn.
The historical life of Joven goes back to the Parthian period Etemad al-Saltanah has introduced the history of Guyana as the Parthian (Parthian) period and its founder as Goodarz (one of the kings of the Parthian dynasty).
During the Mongol conquest of Iran in the seventh century AH, until the end of the Safavid rule (early twelfth century AH), Joven province was the center of Freyumd, one of the provinces of Greater Khorasan.
The capital of the province, during the Afshari period, was transferred to Aq QalE and was the center of the province until the end of the reign of Mohammad Shah Qajar.
During the reign of Suleiman Khan Qelichi (ruler of this region), the center of rule was moved from Aq QalE to Qarzi Fortress (present-day Joghatay). The central period of Qarzi Castle was from the end of the reign of Mohammad Shah Qajar to the beginning of the reign of Nasser Ala-Edin Shah Qajar (between 1220 and 1228 AH). In the same years, the power of the Qelichi dynasty was reduced and their rule over the region ended, and according to the measures of the central government, the Joveyn region became a citizen of Bojnourd for several years.
In 1375, Neqab was upgraded from a village to a district, and from the same year, it became a district as the center of the Joveyn district. It was from this time that the Joveyn region was divided into two separate parts in terms of country divisions, and until 2007, this region was a citizen of Sabzevar city in the form of two parts, Joghatay and Neqab .
Finally, during a government decree in 2007, the Joven and Joghatay districts were upgraded to two independent counties.
O Joveyn, O soil of the envelope of our eyes
O sacrifice of your whole soul
In Khorasan, like a green jewel, you are a stable being
Persistent meadows, shines every spring
Tulips of your glory, sleeping in your lap
It is overwhelmed with light and freshness, the drizzle of your rain
May the zeal of your men always be lasting
Stay in the position of the eighth star
May your golden plain be the manifestation of God’s grace
There is work for your people day and night, remembrance and prayer
O Joveyn, O dust of the envelope of our eyes
O sacrifice of your whole soul
There are people in this region, old and young
My heart, be my Iran, be eternal forever
Poet: The decedent Barat Ali Soheilifar
The city has two parts, “Markazi” and “Atamelak”
- Markazi section
- Markazi village
- Pirakooh village
- Atamalek section
- Joveyn(Hokm abad)
- Zarrin village
cities: Hokmabad and neqab
The area of Joveyn city is 1656.05 square kilometers.
The city with an area of about 1656.05 square kilometers, and an average altitude of 1,100 meters above sea level, in the northern slope of the Jaghtai mountain range and the southern slope of the Aladagh mountain range; It is located in the approximate range of 365 ° 36 to 50 ° 36 ° north latitude and 127 ° 57 to 53 ° 57 ° east longitude. Jaghtai is adjacent.
This city has a special position due to its location between Aladagh heights in the north and Jaghtai mountains in the south and is different from other surrounding cities in terms of climate, agriculture, economy, etc.
The population of this city is more than 55 thousand people
Cultivation pattern in each region varies based on climatic conditions, soil type, amount of available water (groundwater and surface), type of plants that are able to grow in that area. Therefore, due to the climate of the region, which is hot and dry, plants have the ability to grow and develop that need little water. The predominant crops of the village are wheat, sugar beet, barley, alfalfa, watermelon, cotton and canola and other crops have very small quantities, including sesame, legumes (beans, lentils and chickpeas), onions, tomatoes, eggplant. . The garden plants of the region are grapes, almonds, pistachios and pomegranates, but the fruit trees of cherries, green tomatoes, and apricots are also planted in small quantities, which are for internal consumption only.
the most important natural attractions of Joveyn city;
Bid waterfall, Yam dam and Bidkhoro village tourist complex.
Due to the dispersal and migration of different ethnic groups
and living in the villages of this city, almost
50% of the people in this area speak Turkish
(Khorasani dialect – Joveyni)
(In the dialect of Tati Sabzevari)
And 10% speak in Kurdish
(In Kermanji dialect)
The passage of the Tehran-Mashhad national railway through the center of this region has privileged its location.
Joveyn city has made significant progress in terms of industry, including the existence of Joven Agro-industry Company, which is one of the oldest and largest industrial units in the province, which was established in 1975 and in the vast plain of Joveyn with an area of twelve thousand hectares of land with 130 deep wells and The daily production capacity of 5,000 tons of sugar, which has directly provided employment for 2,000 people.
And currently the largest sugar factory consuming sugar beet in Iran. There is also a huge citric acid factory, which is the largest factory in the Middle East and is located next to the sugar factory.