About Joghatai

Joghatai city is one of the cities of Khorasan Razavi province. The center of this city is Joghatai city. Jaghtai in the westernmost region of Khorasan Razavi is limited from the north and northwest to the cities of Esfarayen and Jajarm in North Khorasan and from the west to Semnan province, from the south to Davarzan city and from the east to Joveyn city. This city, as a connection point between the three provinces and the Tehran-Mashhad railway crossing, enjoys a good geographical position.


naming :

From this point of view, the reason for naming Joghatai was that the people of this region had taken refuge in strong and high forts and when the enemy invaded, they threw ebony trees towards the invading army, as some of these trees are still present in the gardens of Joghatai; Therefore, Joghatai is the name of a city that was protected by throwing ebony sticks.

Some historians believe that the name Joghtai is derived from the son of the Mongol Genghis Khan, but in the eyes of others, the word Joghatai (pronounced to conquer Gh, not inertia); They know the two words “jogh” meaning ebony and “atai” meaning throwing. These are not Mongolian words but Turkish.

Building Joghatai :

“Joghatai” was known as Qarzi Castle in the past. The castle is located two kilometers from the current city center. In the past, the castle had two gates and 12 towers around it. In the time of the Mongols, this area was ruled by houses and all of Esfarayen and Hokmabad were under the rule of Khan “Joghatai”. According to Mostofi in Nazhat ol Qulub (740 AH), Tabna was the old name of Jaghtai, which is located two kilometers south of the city. The history of Joghatai shows that this city has a history of centralization and rule for more than 150 years and as the center of government of the third province (Jaghtai, Bam, Safi Abad, and Mianabad) has played a major political and social role in the region. In the National Assembly at that time.

Country divisions :

“The city has two parts, “Central” and “Helali

The “central” section includes the Dasturan villages


Joghatai and the Helali section include the lower and middle Joveyn villages


Area :

The area of Joghatai city is 1685 square kilometers.

geographical location :

The geographical location of Joghatai city from the north with Esfarayen city and Jajarm city; From the east by the city of Joveyn; It is limited to Davarzan city and Sabzevar city from the south and to Jajarm city and Semnan province from the west. It is also located between 56 ° 36ٰ to 57 ° 16ٰ longitude and 26 ° 25ٰ to 36 ° 53ٰ latitude.

Natural features :

The city is bounded by the local heights known as Hardeh Joven in the north and Jaghtai Heights in the south, and the Kal Shor Joven River flows from east to west in its bottom line and covers the lowest lands of the region.

The highest height in the northern part of Joven Peak with a height of 1353 meters in the southern part of the peak known as Kuhgar with a height of 2924 meters.

The lowest point of the city is in the west of Shafi Abad village at an altitude of 915 meters above sea level.

population :

According to the General Census of Population and Housing (2016)
The population of this city is ________ people.
(In 2,670 households)
The population of Jaghtai city is 6,922 people (3,3386 people and 3,338 people) and the rural population of this city is 39 thousand.
738 people (19 thousand 733 men and 20 thousand 5 women)

weather :

The climate of the region is semi-steppe with cold winters and hot summers, the maximum and absolute minimum air temperatures in Jaghtai meteorological station have been measured 34.4 and 16.7 degrees Celsius, respectively. The average annual temperature in this station is 15.15 degrees Celsius. The average annual rainfall in the plain is 235 mm in 3 stations of Jaghtai, 231 mm in Sultanabad station and 211 mm in Azadvar station. Therefore, the average rainfall in the whole region is reported. The post can be estimated at 225 mm per year, while in mountainous areas and altitudes it can reach up to 300 mm.

آب و هوا
Sheikh Abu Muhammad Abdullah Joveini

The father of Imam al-Harmain was one of the great narrators and commentators of the fifth century who had a special debate and education in Neishabour.

Imam of the Two Holy Mosques

Abdul Malik Juwini (Imam al-Harmain, Zia al-Din Abu al-Ma’ali Abdul Malik bin Abdullah bin Yusuf Juwini), who was one of the prominent jurists and famous leaders of the Shafi’is and one of the founders of theology. People came to the parliament to use his lessons. Among his famous students are Ghazali, the great scholar of Islam, and Massoud Zurabadi, one of the great scholars of Khorasan.

Shamsuddin Mohammad Sahib Diwan

He is the son of Baha’u’llah Muhammadi and was a young man in the Mongol court and was considered one of the deeds of Hulagu Khan. In 661 he came to the ministry of Holaku. Khajeh Shams-ud-Din is one of the great figures in the history of Iran, who is on a par with Khajeh Nizam-ol-Molk Tusi in terms of tact, skill, farming and knowledge development. Sahibabad aqueduct (spring) is one of his civil services in Jaghtai, which is still running in the old part of the city (Naranj Qala).

Muntajbuddin Joveini

Known as Badie Kateb and known as Atabak Jovini, he was one of the great poets and literature of the sixth century AH.

Sheikh Abdul Karim nicknamed the great mullah

(Died in the late 13th century AH) He is one of the scholars and men of the Qajar era. For some time, he was also responsible for collecting tribute in the Joven region, and after his death, he was buried near the tomb of Seyyed Hassan Ghaznavi. His father was also nicknamed the Great Mullah in his time, and his tomb is located next to the tomb of Sheikh Hassan Jori near Freyumd in the city of Miami.

Atamalek Joveini

Aladdin Atamelak Jovini, the son of BahaOdin Muhammad, was one of the greatest and highest historians of the Mongol period (seventh century).


The city and town of Jaghtai have been the mother of great men, thinkers and poets throughout history, and have nurtured many great men and celebrities in the fields of science, literature and politics. Many scientific, literary, and political figures in Jovini’s history include:

Children of Khajeh Shamsuddin Mohammad Sahib Diwan

In the letters of Yahya, Farajullah, Massoud, Atbak, Baha’u’llah Muhammad, Sharaf al-Din Harun (the son-in-law of Mu’tasim al-Allah), each in turn are considered the writers and scholars of their time.

BahaOdin Muhammad ibn ‘Ali Juwayni

 Muntajbuddin Badieh’s niece is considered to be one of the writers and scholars of the time.

Helali Joghatayi

Badruddin, Nooruddin (killed 939/936/935 AH), poet, nicknamed Hilali. His lineage goes back to the Jaghtai Turks. He was born in Astarabad and studied and achieved perfection there. Hilali had a good poetic nature. There are poems left by him in praise of Obaidullah Khan and the Shiite Imams, but his importance is more due to his delicate and meaningful sonnets. Among his works: Masnavi “Shah and Darvish”, Masnavi “Attributes of Lovers”, Masnavi “Lily and Majnoon”; “Divan” Poetry.

Shamsuddin Mohammad Sahib Diwan

He is the son of Baha’u’llah Muhammadi. Sahibabad aqueduct is one of his civil services in Jaghtai, which is still running in the old part of the city (Naranj Qaleh).

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    Tomb of Khaja Moinuddin Jovini
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    Masoumzade Joghatay
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    Tomb of Sultan Seyyed Ahmad Alavi
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    Tomb of Sayyid Hassan Ghaznavi
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    Historical mosque of Khosrow Shir village
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    Shadi Jovin Cultural and Entertainment Complex
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    Kamaistan Dam and its suburbs and Kamaistan historical dam
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    Qarzi Joghatai Castle Mosque
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    Tomb of Prince Ismail

tourism places

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    Tomb of Imamzadeh Seyed Hassan
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    Tomb of Sultan Sayyid Abdullah
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    Old castle in the old village of Jaghtai
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    Happy Castle
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    Shahgoli Citadel
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    Nojo Citadel
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    Tomb of Imamzadeh Jazandar
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    Qala-e Farashian
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    Ancient hills
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    Javertan Cave

According to the inhabitants of the city, they are Aryan tribes of Aryan party who choose to live in the south and east when the Aryans migrate to the Iranian plateau. Due to the special geographical location of the sometimes remarkable place of residence, in the past it has been attacked by foreign tribes (Mongols) leading to

Ethnicity and language

The arrogance and anti-colonialism of the people of the region and their national identity in different historical periods have resisted the invasion of foreign tribes leading to the night of Mongol domination of the majority of the people of the region (85% Turkish, 15% Persian and Kurdish). And is in perfect harmony.

  • Construction of a ferrochrome factory with a capacity of 30,000 tons and employment of 350 people directly.
  • Construction of a cement factory with a capacity of 4,000 tons, which can employ about 400 people in the future.
  • Agricultural machinery factory with an annual production of 2,000 units


The existence of a mine with high capacities in the region dictates that by investing and timely productivity of divine blessings, while providing employment for many young people in the region and to increase economic power and achieve full self-reliance and independence from foreigners. Important steps should be taken, so with this motivation and over the past few years, several important factories are being built or are being built.

  • Nylon factory (in production)
  • Disposable tableware factory (in production)
  • Electrical switch and socket factory (in production)
  • Flour factory (in production)


The mines in Jaghtai city are as follows:

Chromite mine

Zarghan chromite mine

Carcass and Malone ore

Silica and bentonite copper mine near Zamand village

Monider chromite mine

Chromite mine near Zamand village


In the local Jaghtai market, which is on Wednesdays, unfortunately, only local products and fruits are offered, while Joghtai guilds can participate in selling their products and goods in the local market.

بازار جغتای


The city has a very good position in terms of communication networks, so that all parts of it end in the national communication roads of the province. Sabzevar, Esfarayen, Bojnourd asphalt grade 2 road passes by the area and forms the vital artery of the area. The access road to Neishabour, Esfarayen, connects the east of the region to Neishabour. The access road of Jaghtai-Frumod has made the cities of Semnan province and the center of the country close to reach the people of the region. (It is under construction). It will facilitate the interaction of the people of the region with the provinces of the country. Mashhad-Quchan-Bam road and Mashhad-Esfarayen-Hakmabad three-way road make it easier for people to visit the holy shrine of Samen Al-Imam (AS). In total, with the investigations carried out, about 150 km of asphalt roads, about 85 km of paved roads and more than 180 km of paved roads in the region are responsible for establishing communication between different points.

منابع :

  • فرمانداری شهرستان جغتای
  • بیمارستان ولی عصر جغتای
  • ویکیپدیا
  • سبزوار اکوتوریسم بلاگفا
  • ویکی سفر
  • ایرنا
  • خبرگزاری فارس