Wildlife Sanctuaries

Wildlife sanctuaries are a range of natural resources including forests, pastures, mountains, plains and running water that are said to have natural habitats and special climatic conditions for wildlife and in order to preserve and restore rare plant and animal species under Fall protection.

Shira Ahmad Wildlife Sanctuary was introduced as a no-hunting area in 1996.

Based on the assessments made in May 2002, it was recognized as worthy of the title of wildlife sanctuary.

This shelter is a combination of plain areas and low satellite hills with desert texture. It has a very high biological value due to its ecological features and unique species such as zebra, jabir, caracal, hubre and boar.

Geographical and natural location of Shirahmad

Shir Ahmad region is located 5 km southeast of Sabzevar and its maximum height is 1381 meters in Avash mountain and minimum height is 915 meters in the westernmost part of the shelter and at the exit of Kalshor margin. In terms of relative position, it is 75 km away from Neishabour city and 90 km away from Bardaskan city.

Being located between Sabzevar-Mashhad and Sabzevar-Bardaskan transit crossroads with a distance of less than 2 km has created a special situation so that its educational-research and recreational values are more considered by the people.

The shelter is located between 36° to 36° 11′ Nnorthern and 57° 42´ to 58 ° 30´ east meridians.

Climatic conditions prevailing in the region

This region has an arid and desert climate with high temperature fluctuations.

The average annual temperature is 17 degrees Celsius and the total annual rainfall is 185 mm.

The maximum rainfall occurs in winter and accounts for 48% of the total rainfall.

Annual relative humidity is reported to be 42.5%, which reaches 68% in January and 28% in August. Evaporation from the free surface of water is 2318 mm per year, which is a maximum of 438.5 mm in August and a minimum of 17 degrees in January.

The prevailing east wind and its average annual wind is about 7.2 meters per second.

Regional water resources

Shir Ahmad region does not have water springs that flow all year round due to its geological structure and climatic conditions.

The Kal-e-Shor River, which borders the northern border of the region, is the only permanent source of water in the region, which has a relatively good base flow in rainy years and, in addition to being used by the region’s wildlife, receives hundreds of migratory birds each year.

The Kalshor River and three seasonal springs called Bluri, Khairabad and Avash are natural sources of water supply in the region.

Avash spring with a flow rate of 2 liters per second is the most important water supply source in the region, which is used by the residents of Avash village. Another source of water supply in the region is an air pump that is drilled on a well and is located in the central part of the region.

In addition, there are several wells inside the area, which when needed, their water is drained by hand to the construction wells and used by wild animals.

Animal diversity of the sanctuary


Mammals are the most evolved creatures that have found the most adaptation to different environments.

This group of animals is able to survive in different climatic conditions, especially if their food, water and security are provided.

Shir Ahmad region is considered as one of the very good habitats of deer and Jubir breeding in Iran due to its several years of enclosure, so that in 2002, more than 1000 deer heads were counted in this region.

Currently, 10 species of rodents, 6 species of carnivores and 3 species of Sam pairs (deer, hawk and boar) have been identified in the region.


Among bird vertebrates, due to their ability to fly, move and move widely, they have the largest family of vertebrates, so that 502 species of birds have been observed in different seasons of the year, about 46.6% of which are migratory and  6.1% are immigrants and the rest are natives of the region.
Birds of the green duck family, Khotka, Anghut, and Butimar, Egret, and Gray Heron migrate to the Cal-Shore every year for wintering.
60 species of birds from different families have been observed in the region, among which “Hubare” is of great importance as a native bird.


The vegetation of the area is in a favorable condition due to several years of enclosure, which has provided a suitable habitat for a variety of reptiles.

Currently, 15 species of lizards and 11 species of snakes live in this area.

pit and ravine

  • Gypsum wells in the northern area

  • Haj Hassan well in the central area

  • Air pump well in the center of the area

  • Layered wells in the south of the region

  • Gypsum channel flowing from the south of the region to the north

  • Stone wells flow from southwest to north

  • The chicken garden flows from southeast to north



The 30-kilometer-long Kal-e-Shor River covers the entire northern border of the region, which itself has created several microbial species to accommodate several different species of birds and aquatic animals.

Geology and soil science of the region

Due to the structure and shape of the land, which is mainly a plain with low and high satellite hills, it does not have a wide geological structure.

The oldest deposits in the region belong to the second geological period, which includes sandstone, clay silt, marl and gray to green-gray limestone.

The sediments of the present era also include old and new alluvial garrisons, alluvial fans, clay cups, and sand dunes, which are widespread in the region.

The surrounding villages

The only residential village inside the Cheshmeh Avash shelter is 235 people. Yahya Abad village is located in the southeast of the border of the shelter with a population of 986 people.


The area is 22,000 hectares.

Vegetation of the area

Shir Ahmad region is a small part of the Iranian-Turanian region in terms of vegetation, the general appearance of the plants in it corresponds to the definitions given for arid climates, ie rainfall of less than 200 mm and high evapotranspiration.

The whole area of Shir Ahmad, which includes an altitude between 915 and 1381 meters above sea level, has a semi-desert state, which is characterized by a small amount of rainfall and a long dry season and severe thermal fluctuations.

Plants in this area are mostly influenced by soil and topographic factors, including most saline species of the family Salmeh, leek, avalanche, cereals and turmeric.

Sandy soil species are haloxylon and astragalaus and in saline and alkaline soils seiditzia and salsola are the dominant species.

The variety and distribution of plants in the region is high and one of the most prominent plants is Artemisia. In general, there are three major plant types in this area that have 47 recognizable plant species.

Sabzevar Caves
Sabzevar mountains
Sabzevar rivers
Shelter animal species