Sheshtamad

About Sheshtamad :

Shashtmad is a city in Khorasan Razavi province in eastern Iran. Shashtmad city in the northwest of Khorasan Razavi province, located on the slopes of Mount Mish with many natural and historical attractions, attracts many tourists.

This city is the center of the sixth city.

This city is bordered by Sabzevar city from the north, Sabzevar Rudab section from the west, Neishabour plain in the east, Bardaskan city foothills from the south and Kuhsorkh central part from the southeast.

According to the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers on June 3, 1999, the village of Shashtmad, the center of the Shashtmad district, was recognized as a city. Also, on May 11, 2016, he was promoted from the ward to the sixth city. At present, the sixth city consists of two central parts and Shamkan.

چنار ششتمد

denomination :

Sheshtamad means six good things including:

1- Meadow water refreshing 2- Spring breeze in Lalehzar 3- Beautiful nature in Rigzar

4- Plenty of virtues and literature 5- People full of love and purity 6- Six beautiful peaks stretched on the heights of Sabzevar

All this elegance and beauty has been mentioned by Hakim Beyhaqi in the most beautiful way possible in the history book of Beyhaqi, and the designers of the tombs of Mr. Judet and Seyhoun have designed it under the influence of the following criteria: Number six influenced by Hakim Beyhaqi’s statements or Hakim Beyhaqi’s life century (sixth) The plan of the tomb of Rashish is rectangular in the shape of a vault, consisting of six parts: horno, sharp, shoulder, cone (sugar cane), arch work, wall and with concrete materials, each side of which is made of six concrete and on each side six steps and tombstone. The six-sided sides have an equilateral triangle in which it is divided into six triangles, and the designer has delicately executed the whole arch on a concrete platform consisting of three parts.

One of the meanings given to the word “fashion” means to rise or protrude. The southern mountains of Shashtmad have six ridges. The effect of the evolution and transformation of “A” has become “six”.

There has been a lot of talk about the name Sheshtamd, and these quotations and verbal changes show the antiquity of this region. The route of South Khorasan migrated to the region of Kerman and Fars. According to historical documents, especially the history of Bayhaqi, the settlement in the sixth region dates back to pre-Islamic times. The origins of some of the names of some of the names of some villages and places indicate its authenticity. Keyzur and Keyzoqan (names of two villages) are functions of the quarter of Zamij. One of the functions of the twelve parts of Taherian indicates the mythological origin of the region in the Kianian period.

One of the oldest books that talks about Sheshtamad is the history of Beyhaqi. The author of the book uses the sources at his disposal

On pages 38-36 of the book it says:

“So they planted an elm tree where it is Sheshtamad, because it bore fruit and they called it Sheshtamad.”

Natural features:

This city is located on the alluvial fan of sedimentary deposits of surface currents on the northern slopes of Prince Abolghasem Mountain in the Mish Mountain range.

In terms of climatic divisions, this city is classified as a relatively cold and dry region. Of course, because Sabzevar city is located in mountainous and plain areas, it has a different climate. In the northern part, where the mountains are located, it is temperate and foothill, and in the southern part, it is desert. In the sixth region, the climate has been adjusted due to its high altitude.

Biologically, the city is located in mountainous and plain areas, and in the plain part, which also includes Sheshtamd, it is covered with Quaternary alluviums, and the texture of the supernatants in the foothills and fine-grained areas gradually moves towards the center of the coarse-grained area.

In the whole city, due to the dry climate and as a result of the decrease of surface water, the use of groundwater is intense. From a plant geographical point of view, Sabzevar city and Shashtmad city are in the range of Iranian-Turanian plants.

Country divisions:

In the first political-administrative divisions, Shashtmad was introduced as the southern part of Sabzevar city and in 1318, Shashtmad district was established and started its activities. Until 1987, it is known with 7 villages, 9177 square kilometers and 526 villages, of which seven villages are Zamaj, Khashad, Rabat Shamat, Shamkan, Foroughan, Koohmaei, and Takab Kuh-e-Mish. In 1987, with the separation of three villages, Foroughan, a mountain from the west of Shashtmad, the esteemed government delegation formed the Rudab district, the center of Qala-e-Now Rudab village.
At present, Shashtmad continues to live with four villages, 284 hamlets and 3786 square kilometers.

  • The central part of the Sheshtamad city:
    • Bayhaq village: to the center of Keyzur
    • Takab village: to the center of Tondak
  • Shamkan section:
    • Robae Shamat village: in the center of Qala-e-Maidan
    • Shamkan village: to the center of Shamkan

Area:

The area of this city is 15 square kilometers.

geographical location :

Shashtmad city as the center of Shashtmad city with an altitude of 1340 meters above sea level and with geographical coordinates of 57 degrees and 45 minutes east longitude and 35 degrees and 75 minutes north latitude, is located 30 km south of Sabzevar city.

population :

The population of the sixth city was about 29 thousand people.

روستای گاچ

Sheshtamad building:

According to the latest archaeological findings based on the cultural movement of humans, the historical background of Shashtmad dates back to the early second millennium BC.

In the year 30 AH, like other parts of Sabzevar, Sheshtmad converted to Islam

In the political divisions of the Taherian government, the sixth part was the fourth part of the twelve sections of Beyhaq.

In the mythological culture of Iran, some of the names of places in Sabzevar and the sixth district are mentioned, which is a proof of the antiquity of living in this region. According to historical documents, especially the history of Bayhaq, the settlement in the sixth region dates back to pre-Islamic times, and the origins of some of the names of villages and places indicate its existence. Kizar and Kizqan (the names of two villages) are one of the twelve parts of Taherian, one of the twelve parts of Zamij, which shows the mythological origin of the region in the Kianian period.

historical background :

The historical background of this city dates back to pre-Islamic times and according to historical evidence, the first inhabitants of this place were Aryans. After Islam, the people living in this area converted to Islam, so that now most of the residents of the sixth city are Muslims and Shiites. Residents of the city go to the graves of the dead on Thursdays to perform mourning ceremonies for their dead. Another religious ritual is the pilgrimage of Imamzadehs who are located in and around the city. The residents of this city, according to their religious beliefs, go to these places to intercede for their families and themselves, and by praying and including their needs, they ask God Almighty.

Another religious ritual of the sixth region is the recitation of taziyeh, which is held on the first ten days of Muharram and ten days after Ashura, and has a special reputation in this region. This ceremony was held every year near the Grand Mosque, but recently studies have begun to build a space for a better ceremony near the tomb of Beyhaqi.

چولی چغل

Customs of Sabzevar people:

Due to the fact that the land of Iran has a long history and had a culture and civilization before the advent of Islam, Nowruz is one of the rituals that has been remembered since ancient times. Residents of Shashtmad, like other Iranians, celebrate this Eid and perform rituals at the beginning of each year according to the philosophy of this Eid.

According to past customs, spread the tablecloth early in the morning and cover it with a mirror and the Quran, a bowl of water, a fish tank, greens, lettuce, walnuts, hazelnuts, colored eggs, bread and yogurt, local sweets, dates, raisins. Peas, spend a variety of dried fruit leaves. After the delivery of the year, each family tries to receive a good-natured boy, and also after the delivery of the year, they bring a small lamb into the house to increase the family and its blessings one day.

wooden horse :

Among the performing arts of the people of Shashtmad, we can mention the wooden horse show, which is usually performed in happy celebrations such as Syrian circumcision and wedding.

To make a wooden horse, fabrics are installed on the pieces of wood that are made to the body and head of the horse so that one can easily sit in the middle of it. The wooden horse is restrained by the shawls that fall on the person’s shoulders and holds the leash. Then, with the movements of the legs, the rotation of the body and the cane, the rhythmic movements begin, which seems to be a symbol of the hypothetical war and battle with the Mongol soldiers when attacking the Beyhaq area. Percussion instruments such as Dahl, Serena and Saz are also used to create balance in the movement of wooden horses.

Handicrafts :

Among all kinds of handicrafts, carpet weaving is very popular in Shashtmad and many women and girls and in a few cases, men of the city are engaged in it. Among the types of traditional techniques and occupations that have been common in Sabzevar city, blacksmithing, carpentry, carpentry, felt weaving, palanquin embroidery, traditional dyeing, perfumery, pottery and gunpowder making have been more important.

In this city, livelihood based on agriculture and animal husbandry has led to the production of wool, fluff, cotton and linen, which are the raw materials of traditional weavings such as carpet weaving, kilim weaving, plus weaving, jajim weaving, fart weaving and fabric weaving. For many villagers, these techniques are part of the family economy, produced by women and girls. Apart from the economic role and function, which is a source of income for women and girls, weaving techniques also have artistic aspects that can be seen in their designs and roles. The patterns used in the weaving craft are inspired by nature and the environment and are derived from plant, animal and human motifs and geometric shapes.

فرت

tourism places :

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    Beyhaqi Tomb:

    It is one of the attractions of the sixth city, the building of which was designed by Mr. Judet and Mr. Seyhoun. In this building, the walls are constructed on three sides of the six sides of the lower plate and in the form of one in between, which meet at a height of 8 meters and form an equilateral triangle, which itself consists of 6 equilateral triangles. The material used is ordinary reinforced concrete and the tombstone is in the shape of a hexagonal pyramid, which is located exactly in the middle of the plate and below the end triangle of the walls.

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    Mehregan Park:

    This park is located on a hill with an area of 5 hectares in the east of the city and has a special and beautiful design.

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    Sheshtamad earth dam:

    Built to strengthen groundwater aquifers, it is one of the best natural attractions in the region due to its unique landscapes.

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    Sheshtamad River:

    35 km long from Benovo Mountain, 2010 meters, it originates in the northeastern slope of Prince Abolghasem Mountain. The river is fed by three underground streams in the form of seepage springs called Sarrooi, Miyan Roui and Ghorbano spring. With the construction of an earthen dam on this river, water storage has become possible until mid-July. Due to the suitable location of the Shashtmad River for ecotourism activities, the Saman Part tourism project is being implemented around it.

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    Gardens around Shashtamad River:

    It is another natural attraction that, despite the severe lack of service facilities, is booming in some seasons.

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    Imamzadeh of Prince Abolghasem:

    It is located 7 km away from the Sheshtamad earth dam.

Souvenirs:

انار

1. Pomegranate

2. Bukhara plum

3. Saffron

Celebrities:

Sixth is a city that has always been proud of its historical antiquity and original cultural identity, and owes this culture and civilization to great people such as Abul Hassan Ali ibn Zayd Bayhaqi. Thanks to its goodness, this city has always been the home of the greatest thinkers, scholars, writers and scientists of the Islamic world.

The tomb of Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Zayd Bayhaqi, known as Ibn Hazel and Farid Khorasan, one of the most prominent Shiite scholars and one of the greatest scholars, writers and prolific scientists of the sixth century AH, is also a place of worship for scholars and researchers.

Abul Hassan Ali Ibn Zayd Imam Bayhaqi

Ibn Fandoq is considered to be the first commentator on Nahj al-Balaghah.
Ibn Fandoq term for him is because his father was a caravan leader.
We have received several books and works from him, the most important of which are the influential historians of Beyhaq in geography and climatology.
He was a professor in various fields, including Quranic sciences, literature, syntax, vocabulary, poetry, jurisprudence, theology, medicine, wisdom, mathematics, astronomy and history.

more

And there are great people who are now scholars of the culture and civilization of the city, and the name Shashtmad is proud of their efforts.

Among these great men and celebrities, we can mention the poet Morteza Dolatabadi, who is especially popular among fans of poetry and literature because of his beautiful poems, especially poems written with accents.

: Past Sheshtamad Celebrities

  • Ali Ibn Al-Hussein Abdul Rahim Bayhaqi
  • Sheikh Abu Ali Jame Ibn Ali Ibn Hassan Bayhaqi
  • Abu Naeem bin Abdul Bayhaqi
  • Al-Faqih Abudajane Beyhaghi

local food :

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    Common local food in Sabzevar has a variety and abundance and each of them is related to a specific period of time. The most famous of these foods are the simplest foods that can be easily cooked, such as Awjij- Kame josh – Eshkene – Komaj, Mesveh- Deni – Kachi – Ash josh Bareh – ash mast –  Ash ghouriti – Ghelye BAdemjan – Alaf Mast(similar to spinach borani); But these foods are not in such a way that the people of this country always use them and the common foods in our country are cooked and eaten in this vast city. Qormeh is one of the foods that can be attributed to the people of Sabzevar villages, including Nodeh Arbab. It is used to cook mixed foods.

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    Sabzevar traditional markets:

    You can still find handicraft production centers and traditional jobs in the corners of Sabzevar. Markets where, as in previous years, masters work. Among these traditional occupations in Sabzevar city, we can mention blacksmithing, carpentry, felt weaving and spinning. The most important souvenir of Sabzevar is Sabzevar gingerbread cake, which has many fans among locals and tourists. Sabzevar spices (cumin, turmeric, etc.) are also of good quality.

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